|Sepsis: A Rare And Unknown Disorder|
Sepsis, also commonly known as Septicemia, is a highly complicating and life-threatening disease which generally occurs when bacteria or infections enter the main bloodstream of your body. If not attended to the issue properly, sepsis can cause multiple organ failures and death.
Not necessarily bacteria, but any type of infectious pathogen can cause the disease of sepsis. It is regarded to be the primary cause of death due to infection. Sepsis causes death more than the ones caused by prostate cancer, breast cancer, or HIV AIDS.
The infection from the lungs, skin, pneumonia or urinary tracts can trigger the emergence of sepsis in your body. It largely affects elderly people and the ones who have undergone surgery.“According to a report, nearly 1.5 million people (in the US) are prone to sepsis every year and an approximate 250000 people die from it.”
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What is Sepsis?
Sepsis is an infection that occurs in the blood and possesses a severe infection to the other body parts. Usually, the bloodstream is free from infectious pathogens, but when bacteria enter the blood, it is called ‘bacteremia’. When the bacteria multiply, our body tends to release various chemicals into the bloodstream.
Due to the inflammatory reaction caused by these chemicals, there occurs the disorder of multiple organ failure. The life-threatening response of the body to the infection is called sepsis or Septicemia. If you initiate treatment through antibiotics at the right time, you can prevent the occurrence of septic shock.
Are you at risk of Sepsis?
Infections can attack anyone, irrespective of age or gender, but if left unnoticed, they can lead to sepsis. But, generally, sepsis attacks a specific target group. It includes:
- People who have a weak immune system, such as those suffering from cancer or HIV/AIDS
- People who suffer from chronic illnesses such as lung disease, diabetes, or kidney disease
- People belonging to the age group of 1-65 years
- People who have undergone surgery or transplant
- People who have experienced severe burns
Prime Symptoms of Sepsis
- Fever, cold, shivering, cough
- Short of breath
- Increased heart rate
- Having a sweaty skin
- Mood swings (change in mental health) such as feeling confused, loss of interest, sleeping all the time
On the other hand, the symptoms of septic shock comprise:
- Difficulty in breathing
- Being sleepy or losing the alertness
- Fainting or dizziness
- Less passage of urine
- Mental changes
- Slurred speech
- Loss of consciousness
- Extreme joint/muscle pain and feeling discomfort
- Diarrhoea, vomiting, nausea
- Cold and clammy skin
- Unusually warm extremities
- Low blood pressure
In case you feel any of the above symptoms, ensure to consult a doctor immediately and let him/her know whether you had a recent infection or surgery. It will help the doctors to examine the possibility and treatment for sepsis quickly.
What could be the treatment for sepsis?
The first and foremost treatment includes providing necessary antibiotics and fluids to protect the organs for vital functioning. The antibiotics will fight against bacterial infections. The doctors will perform a test to identify the kind of infection and provide the antibiotics accordingly.
If a specific source is causing the infection, the doctors will ensure to remove the source from your body, such as tissue, etc. At times, life support measure is given, which includes, providing oxygen through machine-supported breathing and injecting intravenous fluids into the main bloodstream.
The recovery from sepsis, under the right treatment, can take some time. But one needs to take important rest to prevent any further complications.
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